ADAM (Active Directory Application Mode) was predeccesor of ADLDS and Microsoft distributed it as additional download. Now in Windows Server 2008 R2 ADLDS (Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services) are built0in server role. ADLDS offers LDAP-based directory service which can be utilized by application LDAP-enabled. In addition to that ADLDS works as Windows-service and is non-operating-system service which allows multiple instances of ADLDS on same machine.
Create Read Only SNMPv3 user – IOS
snmp-server group viewers v3 auth snmp-server user snmpView viewers v3 auth md5 uHNKmuLP0lXOp8ODFkmJ snmp-server group viewers v3 auth read viewConfig snmp-server view viewConfig system included snmp-server view viewConfig internet included snmp-server view viewConfig mib-2 included snmp-server view viewConfig cisco included snmp-server view viewConfig ciscoConfig included snmp-server view viewConfig ciscoImageMIB included snmp-server view viewConfig snmpMIB included
Create Read Write SNMPv3 user – IOS
snmp-server group writers v3 auth snmp-server user snmpWrite writers v3 auth md5 jB7HCiNBoGsk5qgfasHQ snmp-server group writers v3 auth write writeConfig snmp-server view writeConfig system included snmp-server view writeConfig internet included snmp-server view writeConfig mib-2 included snmp-server view writeConfig cisco included snmp-server view writeConfig ciscoConfig included snmp-server view writeConfig ciscoImageMIB included snmp-server view writeConfig snmpMIB included
Create Read Only SNMPv3 user – ASA
snmp-server group viewers v3 auth snmp-server user snmpView viewers v3 auth md5 uHNKmuLP0lXOp8ODFkmJ snmp-server host inside 0.0.0.0 version 3 snmpView
NOTE: Please keep in mind that certain ACLs might require modification in order to allow SNMP protocol access.
If you need to capture configuration of Windows-based DHCP server for documentation or review purposes, this might be handy:
netsh -r lab-dc-01 dhcp server dump > C:\dhcp-lab-dc-01.txt
NOTE: lab-dc-01 in example command is name of the Windows server which has DHCP installed.
Example DHCP server dump from Windows Server 2008 R2 you can see here. It contains one scope for subnet 172.16.90.0/24, option for DNS and default gateway defined.
Usually I tend to create DHCP server on Windows Server. However, sometimes there is no server on site. Only what I have are network devices, workstations and voip phones. In those cases I used to create DHCP server on switches. As environment I operate in contains mainly Cisco devices, each location has at least one or more Cisco Catalyst switches (2960 or 3560) it is possible to provide DHCP service using IOS features. Example contains DHCP configuration for network with different VLANs for data, voice and printers.
Below is short description and set of commands demonstrating how to setup:
- DHCP scopes
- Define DHCP helper on the interface
- Check status of DHCP assignments
Here is quick script which connects to Active Directory, reads all computer accounts from Organization Unit (OU) indicated in script and then pings all computers found in that OU. It might be handy if all server accounts are located in one OU.
Some time ago I had to transfer SQL Server databases from remote retail locations to central system. At that time whol einfrastructure was operating on Microsoft SQL server 2000 and link in remote locations was 128kb/s ISDN. At that time I thought that the best idea will be backup database to local hard disk on SQL server, RAR it and FTP compressed backup of SQL database to headquater. It did work quite well. So, below is a script I scheduled to be run as part of scheduled job defined on SQL Server Agent.
Before script will be used few things have to be customized:
- location for database backups – @archive_path – default: F:\Backup
- location of WinRAR application – @archive_cmd – default: C:\Program Files\WinRAR
- IP address of FTP server – default: 192.168.10.120
- Username and password for FTP user – default: dbupload/password
- Folder on FTP server for backup upload – default: Site_Backup
As there might ba many remote sites uploading backups, each site can have different folder for data transfer.
Here is script to backup SQL Server database and trasfer backup to FTP server:
Script I used as computer statup script pushed via GPO. It renames local Administrator to Admin and sets password for Admin account to one specified in script.
Script changes description of My Computer icon to display Computer: ComputerName
Can be very handy when troubleshooting computer remotely when we require user to tell us name of the computer user works on.
Script works on Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7.
Configuration snippet I use to enable SSH on Cisco 2811 ISR and Catalyst 3560, but it will work on all Cisco IOS devices with appropriate IOS image which allows SSH to be enabled (IOS which has k9 in image name contains crypto compnents which allow to enable SSH).